No. 8 - November, 1973

SINGLE HANDED MAST RAISING - FAST & EASY

John Charters

 

To raise (or lower) a Tanzer 22 mast, two conditions must be satisfied.

1) Some method must be used to prevent the mast from falling overboard; and

2)there must be enough power or force available to raise the mast. Three reasonably husky men can do both without any outside assistance. Under ideal conditions it can be done by two. But there is no way one person can step the mast without outside mechanical help.

 

The method outlined here was devised by Phil Whittingstall and the author one sunny summer afternoon, on the phone, when, I suspect, we both should have been doing office work!

 

First, let's tackle the problem of lateral mast support. On some boats, e.g. the Shark, you can connect all the shrouds up ahead of time. This solves problem number one. On the Tanzer, however, the chain plate is not in line with the mast hinge; and even if you are able to connect the shrouds, as soon as you start to raise the mast they become loose.

 

The simplest solution is to install two small lifting pad eyes, as shown in the photo, in line with the mast step bolt.

 

In use: Once you have fastened the mast foot to the step by this bolt, you will connect the two inner shrouds to these eyes. (the mast will, of course, have to be supported at the aft end of the cockpit.) The lowers are attached by a 1/8 inch nylon line, about 6' long, with the turnbuckles left permanently on the chain plate. You will need two of these lines, of course - one for each lower shroud. On one end of each, splice on a small shackle, just big enough to fit the hole on the shroud tang. Attach both shrouds, running this line through the deck eye, back through the shackle - about three times - and get them both just as tight as you can. If you've mounted those pad eyes in the correct spot, the lower shrouds will remain taut as the mast is raised, solving the first problem.

 

Now, requirement number two: enough power to lift the mast. For this, we will use our spinaker pole as a gin pole. (see newsletter no. 5) However, as with the mast, we are faced with the problem of lateral support. And we solve it in the same way. Take two lengths of 3/8” nylon line, and splice one end of each of these to a ring, about 1 1/4" ID. Each of these lines should be about 12' long, after splicing. Or you could use one 24' length, and tie the ring in the middle.

 

To Use: Clip one end of the spinnaker pole onto the pole ring on the mast, at its lowest position. On the other end, you fasten your jib halyard shackle, the ring of the two 12' lines (above), and a third line about 38' long. (a shackle spliced to one end makes it easier to attach.) Run this 38’ line down to a block in the stem fitting (attached by a shackle) and back to your snubbing winch. To keep the spinnaker pole centered, attach each of those 12' lengths of line to the same pad eyes that you used for the lower shrouds. Nice and taut, please!

 

The rest is dead easy - winch the mast up! If it starts to go up off center, one of your support lines is not tight enough. Go and tighten it up.

 

I have raised my mast completely without help, using this method, and it works! If you connect the backstay before you start, there will be no chance of the mast falling forward once it is up.

The whole secret is to make up, beforehand, the various bits of line needed, shackles, blocks, etc., and then to keep them all together in one place. And keep them only for mast raising. Otherwise, when you need them, they won't be around.

 

(Ed. Note: instead of the 38' line, you can use your entire main sheet business - blocks, shackles and all. Shackle the top (what came off the boom) to the jib halyard shackle (or forestay) and shackle the bottom to the stem fitting. Now you have a plenty strong tackle for

pulling up the mast. And when you get scared, or need to adjust your lateral supports, you just cleat it in the jam cleat. You can stand in the center of the foredeck - closer to the pad eyes should you need to get to them.

 


QUARTER TON NORTH AMERICAN CHAMPIONSHIP

September 8-15, 1973

 

This was a very exciting event for all Tanzer 22 owners. The first two places were taken by extraordinarily (one-off-just-for-this-event) EXPENSIVE BOATS. . . BUT THE REAL RACE? FOR US? Was between TaT no.500 and the San Juan 24s. Ted Bowser was skippering Hans Tanzer's boat. It must be remembered that Hans' boat was at one time wrecked, and an insurance write-off. Hans got it back in order to study the damage. It was repaired with the idea that the Tanzers would finally have a boat of their own for quiet weekends. Then it was used to develop and test the auarter ton rig. On this boat, with five sails and no modifications except those required by NYRU safety rules, three inland lake sailors met some of the top U.S. sailors, who are thoroughly experienced with ocean racing; and whose boats were equipped with up to 25 sails.

 

The first race of about 30 miles was back to back with the second ­about 90 miles. At this point TaT no.500 added a starcut spinaker and staysail to their limited wardrobe. The third and fifth races, each 30 miles, were separated by a 150 mile long distance race. It was a battle for third place all the way, with our fellows finishing, finally, fourth; but only 2.5 points behind a San Juan 24. We can all just about bust with pride. "Sailboat Week" said, "Except for the Tanzer, the San Juans seemed to prove they were light air flyers by not being able to punch through the heavy conditions which Newport was dishing up that week." They also said that it "blew like hell" (that should quiet those that say that the Tanzer shows up best in light airs!) Aside from showing what the TaT can do, this event also shows that the top Lake St.Louis sailors can take on the best anywhere.

 


MORE FROM MAINE

John Charters

 

NOTE: John's cruising Guide type report will appear in Canadian Sailing. He is also doing a series on different classes for upcoming issues of Canadian Sailing.

 

As some of you know, I fell in love with the coast of Maine many years ago. And for the last couple of summers, we've been trailing our Tanzer22 down to that coast. As most Tanzer owners do when sailing away from home waters, we look for other Tanzers. This time I didn't have to look far, as I had an invitation to launch and moor at the Centerboard Yacht Club in South Portland from Al Carville, who sails T22 no.280, "No Ka Oi".

 

We timed our arrival to coincide with high tide, and when we arrived we were met by their steward, who pointed us in the right direction and offered whatever help was needed.

 

After a few summers of trailing the boat around the country, and hauling it in and out of the water, we've become pretty adept at mast lowering and raising, launching and retrieval. (Note: John is busy writing an article on mast lowering-raising-one-man-no-help. . . for us, not for Canadian Sailing.) So, apart from the launching, where an extra hand is helpful, my wife and I were able to raise the mast and prepare the boat for launching without help. I find it takes us well over an hour from the time we arrive, 'til we're ready. Al arrived just as we were set to launch, and with his and the steward's help, Red BaronllI was in the water and tied up to the yacht club float in no time flat.

 

Over the past few years, I’ve visited quite a few yachts clubs; but certainly one of the most friendly and hospitable has to be the Center­board Yacht Club. If you are in the Portland area next year, drop over to this club and look up Al Carville. I'm sure you will be made most welcome.

 

The Centerboard Yacht Club races every Saturday. The cruising fleet is a mixed bag. Al has the only T22, there are several O'Day Tempests, an O'Day Outlaw, and a few others. They race on a handicap system that varies with the type of sails you have. We were invited to enter their race, which we did. I didn't have my genoa with me; but on the reaches and runs did use our spinaker. If I remember correctly, using the spinaker cost me 6 seconds a mile on Handicap, as we were the only boat using one that day. I'm kinda glad we did use the chute, though, because we weren't doing too well until the reaching legs. I like this style of handicapping - even if yu don't have all the racing sails you still have a chance. I hear Al is buying a spinaker next year, so we expect to see him leading the fleet, as this year he was holding second place in the season's point standings.

 

Just up the coast a bit is Falmouth Foreside, home of Handy Boat, one of Maine's leading Tanzer 22 dealers; and also home of the Portland Yacht Club. Here we met Jan Pederson, of Fortune Sails, who is the owner of T22 no. 271. Hopefully, by next year, Jan will be Captain of the Casco Bay Fleet, which he is trying to organize there. He has been racing his T22 this summer in the open class; and being a sail maker, has fitted his boat with oversize sails. He assures me, how­ever that he also has a set of standard size sails, should he decide to go class racing. In any case, Jan has been cleaning up, beating many larger yachts on a boat for boat basis. The racing at the Portland Yacht Club has become pretty refined. All the boats have to be measured and NAYRU category 3 safety rules are mandatory as many of their races are fairly long, and even overnight. I don't know how Jan has made out this summer; but it wouldn't surprise me to hear that he has won his class. We're hoping he'll write something for our Newsletter about sails for the T22 before too many moons have passed.

 

We just missed the Selkirks by a day. They sail T22 no. 107, "Talu". George wrote up his cruise last year for the Newsletter; and we're looking forward to hearing from them again.

 

If you plan to cruise the Maine Coast next year, the following are a must: Duncan's "A Cruising Guide to the New England Coast" and a Radio Shack Weather radio. This neat little cube covers the 162.55 mHz frequency of the Portland 24 hour Marine forecasts. And no self respecting sailor would dream of cruising the coast without Duncan's "Guide"!

 

There are a couple of other books you may find useful: Waterway Guide, Northern Edition; Boating Almanac, Vol. I; Coast Pilot, Vol.1; Tide tables, Current tables, Light List, and Eldridge's Tide and pilot Book. Plus, of course, the charts of the area. You may also wish to refer back to last fall's issue of that invaluable source of interesting information: the Newsletter!


YOU ASKED

Replies to some of the questions you've asked

 

Q. What propeller is recommended for a Johnson 9 1/2 HP?

 

A. Michigan Wheel Corp. recommend their SMC-12, 8 1/4 x 6 1/2, which can be reduced to as low as a 5” pitch if necessary. The Canadian distributor is Brydon Brass Mfg. Co., Ltd., Rexdale, Ontario.

 

Q. Please advise on trailer for the K/CB Tanzer 22.

 

A. Harcon, Inc, in Danbury, Conn. make a range of trailers designed for the T22 both fin keel and CB. List prices run from $795 to $910 for the single axle unit. 2 axles slightly higher. Tanzer Industries in Canada have a 2 axle trailer custom made for the T22.

 

Q. Can the speedometer transducer be mounted aft, and off the center line? The manufacturer recommends mounting the unit forward, and right under where the head is on a Tanzer - an awkward place to get at.

 

A. We consulted with two authorities - both boat builders; and both suggested mounting the transducer further forward, if necessary, but not further aft. If mounted alongside the keel, turbulence will effect the accuracy when the boat is heeled.

 

Q. Is Hydron Speed Coat permitted under Rule 4.6?

 

A. No!! Hydron Speed coat contains a polymer; and in the opinion of the class executive falls under the general definition of a "polymer bottom coating"; and is, therefore, not permitted.

 

 


Gals - IT'S TIME to THINK to CHRISTMAS STOCKING STUFFERS!

And just because last year you got 30 cotter pins and a spare turnbuckle, you don't HAVE to give him a sexy, size 8 negligee. How about a good selection of stainless steel screws, nuts & bolts? Or, a floating key chain for the boat keys. . . some Velcro straps you made yourself for sail stops or bumper holders. . . a leadline . . . some anchor rode marker labels. You stick them through the lay, and they show how much rode you've paid out. . . a stainless steel bottle opener. . . a stainless steel ice pick (it has many more uses than you can imagine, such as tightening turnbuckles. . . some spare shackles and clevis pins. . . a spare mast bolt.

 

Two more books, for the first mate. Janet Groene's Cooking on the Go, and Cooking on your Knees, by Beverley Fuller. And in a similar vein, Family Under Sail, by Jane Kirstein and Mary Leonard.

 

 

 

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